Article deals with the problems of Vladivostok image as a marine city with the specific history and describes also various questions of Russian modern international cooperation in Asia-Pacific. Author researches Vladivostok's historical features and its information attractiveness as the largest Russian seaport on the Pacific coast, tells about the potential of the so-called projects of “Eastern Vector”. The main idea includes the using of Vladivostok image in development of international political, social and economic cooperation in Russian national interests nowadays.
Asia-Pacific, Vladivostok, image, North-East Asia, Russia, international economic cooperation, tourism, international relations, territories of advanced economic development, “Porto Franco”, mass-media, Vladivostok fortress, seaports, shipping
North Korean port Rason, which is situated not far from the borders of the Russian Federation, China and North Korea, for a long time attracts neighbors’ attention due to its location and economic possibilities as well as because of the aggravations of the military-political situation on the Korean Peninsula and around it.
Russia and China keep this area under constant attention with the purpose to strengthen political influence for providing national interests through the expansion of the economic activities. Moreover, the main Chinese efforts are aimed at monopolization of Rason’s commodity and raw material market and to a lesser extent at transport prospects, the Russians, at the same time, are focused on logistical aspects.
Back in 2013 the railroad Khasan-Rason, reconstructed by the joint efforts of the Russians and the North Koreans, has been put under operation, the large investments have been put into modernization of the port piers and infrastructure. Plans for the use of Rason were given great importance. Now there has come time to conduct an objective analysis and basing on it to make some conclusions.
To what extent the expectations have been met? Due to what reasons part of them have not come true? What should be done for correction of situation, which directions as well as political and economic measures are the most efficient for using Rason in near future?
The author considers well-known facts for analyzing and making conclusions which answer the above mentioned questions and develop the moments resulting from them.
Rason, Korean Peninsula, logistics, port piers, efficiency
The paper covers the issues of safe transportation of deck cargoes liable to shifting. In particular, an option of transporting unitized goods using the method of securing packages together in each tier of the stack using special devices - three-dimensional type shoes is being considered. These devices initially, even before the operation of loading onto the ship, are used to form and fix packages, and then during loading of packages onto the deck and hatch covers serve to form enlarged cargo units – tiers of the stack.
securing technology, unitized goods, stack of sawn timber, goods shifting control
Most of the goods in the world trade are transported today by sea in containers. Therefore, the container is one of the main elements which are needed for creating ship and port e-technologies. Besides, taking into account the development of new highly automated vessels such as MASS (Maritime Autonomous Surface Ships), the balance of "smart ports" and ships will be achieved, primarily, through interaction based on digital e-technologies.
The aim of this work is to develop an algorithm for digital transformation of unmanned operations with the maritime containers.
e-technology, logistics, weight, maritime container, identifier
The authors of the article tell about one of the problems in the transport sector in the Russian Far East, describe the reasons of the problem, show statistical data on the volume of container handling in Vladivostok commercial seaport and the volume of tourist traffic from China to the Russian Far East. Conditions for the increase of passenger and tourist traffic in the Far Eastern marine area are proposed. The prospects for implementation of the “open port regime”in Vladivostok and development of cruise shipping in the Asia-Pacific region under the conditions of this regime are considered.
inbound tourism, sea passenger transportation, region, main ports, the dynamics of tourist flow, passenger vessel, shipbuilding
The article considers trade relations between Russia and North Korea. The authors discuss the prospects arising from political and commercial interaction between Russia and North Korea in general, analyze possible financial profits and other advantages due to the usage of international transport corridor “Primorye-3”, for example, increase of the Russian export and the level of cargo flows with Asia-Pacific region’s countries. Based on this, the economies of the countries linked by the transport corridor will also gradually improve.
trade relations, transport corridor, the reunification of South and North Korea, economic development of Primorsky Region
The purpose of the article is to examine the behavior of sorbent materials in the elimination of light and dark petroleum products. The results of laboratory experiments and the results of calculations of the main characteristics taken into account when choosing a sorbent, namely oil absorption capacity, moisture capacity and buoyancy, are presented.
The features of the changes in these characteristics are analyzed, depending on the type of oil product, and specific characteristics for each sorbent are highlighted.
sorbent, oil absorption capacity, moisture absorption capacity, dark petroleum products, light petroleum products.
The article studies the Paracel archipelago as one of the disputed areas in the northern part of South China Sea. Physical geography and historical background of the Paracel Islands are considered. The archipelago is characterized as the object of a bilateral international territorial dispute between Vietnam and China. The current positions of China and Vietnam on the territorial jurisdiction of the Paracel Islands are considered. Economic and strategic importance of the Paracel Islands is shown. The problems of the Paracel Islands’ territorial belonging and delimitation of exclusive economic zones and continental shelf of the areas are analyzed.
South China Sea, Paracel Islands, territorial dispute, San-Francisco Treaty, China, Vietnam, exclusive economic zone, continental shelf, international maritime law
The current state of the merchant and fishing fleet assets of the Russian Federation carrying out domestic cargo transportation and fishery operations in the Eastern sector of the Arctic and the adjacent seas of the Far East is definitely not the best. Taking into account the high degree of physical and moral wear of the greater part of vessels under Russian flag as well as the necessity to accomplish the goals set by Maritime Strategy of Russia, a mechanism for radical fleet modernization needs to be introduced. The leasing of merchant and fishing vessels from neighboring NE Asia countries and the introduction of cooperative arrangements with leading foreign shipbuilding enterprises represent two possible options for this modernization program. Regional authorities in the Far East of Russia may act as the guarantees for the foreign investments utilizing recent changes in domestic legislation.
merchant ships, fishing vessels, investment, leasing of merchant and fishing ships
© Admiral Nevelskoy Maritime State University, NPO «Asia-Pacific Journal of Marine Science&Education. Editors Board».