The article analyzes the dynamics of container turnover in the ports of Russian Far East and the eastern sector of the Arctic over the last twenty years, in particular the influence of various external unfavorable factors, such as the economic crisis, shortage of rolling stock, restrictions due to COVID-19 pandemic, etc. The container transportation segment has been accepted for the study since it is one of the most sensitive to changes in the economic situation of both the regional and national scale. In addition, cargo turnover of seaports is one of the most comprehensive and relatively accessible for research statistical data sets in the field of maritime transport. The cargo turnover in the ports of Russian Far East is simultaneously influenced by domestic trends and restrictions, as well as by external factors and events in the North-East Asia. In some cases, it is necessary to assess not only the above-mentioned events affecting the container transportation, but also short-term and unpredictable events like shortages of empty container assets in China when certain ports had to stop operations, truck drivers strikes in South Korea and other. These events ultimately affected the work of sea carriers, delays with ship calls at the ports of Russian Far East, accordingly hampering the container turnover in the ports. Since the Far Eastern ports are key gateways for trade with major partners in the Asia-Pacific, a retrospective analysis of its performance in different conditions can serve as one of the important elements for building a forecast in both the short and long term.
Far East, Primorsky Territory, container transportation, seaports, shipping lines, container logistics.
The basic characteristics of the Japan Sea (dimensions, coastline length, surface area and maximal depth) were analyzed. Some fallacies were detected. New, more reasonable, values of the basic characteristics (including average depth and volume) have been proposed. Limits of the sea are: 32°34N- 51°45N, 125°48E- 142°15E. Length and width of the sea are: 2130 km х 1355 km; coastline length is 9760 km. Surface area is 1075 thousand km2, water volume- 1612 thousand km3. Average depth is 1514m, maximum depth- 3777 m.
Japan Sea, length, width, coastline length, area, average depth
Increased interest in the Arctic routes due to climate change, increasing disproportions in trade flows, rising tariffs on main routes, and increased competition between ports inevitably leads to a change in the configuration of the shipping network, the formation and rethinking of the role and place of Arctic ports in the development of the global supply chain. In this regard, the possibilities of growth of the ports of the Eastern Arctic in the new economic conditions are considered. The dynamics of the operation of the Northern Sea Route and its Arctic ports in the period 2000-2020 has been studied. The main trends and the deterrent factors for the development of port infrastructure have been identified. The role of ports in the formation and development of the Arctic support zones has been studied. The conditions, which can contribute to the solution of the problem of forming a growth pole based on the ports of the Eastern Arctic, are determined. The volumes of loading of the ports of the Eastern Arctic for the future are estimated. It is concluded that the ports and transport infrastructure in the Eastern Arctic is an important condition for the functioning of the Northern Sea Route, but cannot be considered a sufficient condition for the development of the region.
Eastern Arctic, Northern Sea Route, support zones, socio-economic development, seaports
The article presents an analysis and discusses prospects for the transition from traditional energy sources, in particular natural gas, to the use of hydrogen as an alternative and environmentally sustainable option. It is based on a review of current trends in the field of energy, an in-depth study of the possibilities of hydrogen energy and its prospects in the context of reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
Starting with an overview of current problems associated with the use of natural gas and the need to find environmentally safer alternatives, the author continues with the analysis of technologies for the production, storage and use of hydrogen. Various methods for hydrogen production are described, as well as the possibility of its industrial application, in particular, in the field of energy, transport and machine building.
The article also assesses the economic and environmental benefits of the transition to hydrogen energy, highlighting the key factors facilitating this transition and overcoming possible obstacles. Finally, it offers recommendations for making strategic decisions at both the public policy and business levels for the successful and sustainable implementation of hydrogen energy.
LNG, hydrogen, carbon intensity index, maritime shipping, environmentally sustainable energy source.
The article analyzes (in view of the international situation on October 2023) the prospects for the implementation of international transport projects that are connected with the Korean Peninsula. These projects exist for rather long time but remain, due to the various reasons, mainly on theoretic level. Meanwhile, they are undoubtedly interesting for the Russian Federation, since their implementation is aimed, among other things, at ensuring regional stability and security of the Russian Far Eastern borders. However, to talk about the implementation of all these plans is possible only taking into account many political and economic factors which affect both the domestic situation in the Republic of Korea and the DPRK, as well as the relations of the Russian Federation with them. The author considers these factors in detail and makes conclusions on this basis that correspond to the topic of his study.
Republic of Korea, DPRK, transport projects, Northern Sea Route, cargo transportation
The article deals with the problems of the Arctic and Northern Sea Route development as a part of modern Russian policy "Pivot to the East" and the advanced investments in Russian Far Eastern regions. These processes are analyzed basing on Russia's strategic interests, cross-border logistics, tourism, maritime education and shipping within the Arctic Ocean’s Russian zone. The particular importance is laid on the international image of the Russian Far East, that means the region is not only integrated into Asia-Pacific but also connects transcontinental logistics corridors through the land and sea routes. As well, the prospects for increase of transit logistics’ volume through the Russian Far East and for growth of cargo transportation through the Northern Sea route are analyzed.
Pivot to the East policy, Russian Far East, Asia-Pacific region, Northeast Asia, sanctions, Arctic, Northern Sea Route, international security, logistics, tourism, international image, transport, shipping, maritime education
The article describes North Korea`s the newest submarine named “Hero Kim Gun Ok”, which is highly likely capable to carry SLBM or SLCM with tactical nuclear wareheads on its board. The author makes an effort to summarize the foreign experts`s assessments of the new Pyongyang`s weapon and tries to give his own view at the DPRK`s the latest navy development, its capabilities. There is also an attempt to forecast the possible consequences and actions of North Korea aimed to modernize its morally and physically obsolete submarine fleet.
DPRK, North Korea, submarine, missile, weapon, fleet, modernization, SLBM, SLCM, Kim Jong-un, Navy
The article analyzes the changes in the Far Eastern logistics market with the entry of large logistics players through the organization of branches and representative offices. The rise of the number of subsidiaries and affiliates created by large transport companies, especially territorially close to seaports and border crossing points in the Far East of Russia looks logical against the background of increasing interest of all market participants in cargo transportation via the Far East. However, depending on the goals, strategy and capabilities of the parent companies the types of new structures vary. The author examines the features of the work of such companies, the possibilities of organizing operational activities, types of management and development prospects. The material bases on the practical experience of the author in cooperation activities with various enterprises in the field of maritime transport, forwarding, transport logistics and related fields, taking into account the specifics of the Far Eastern federal district of Russian Federation.
Far East, seaports, container transportation, commercial work in transport, port of Vladivostok, forwarding, transport logistics, transport branch
© Admiral Nevelskoy Maritime State University, NPO «Asia-Pacific Journal of Marine Science&Education. Editors Board».