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Asia Pacific Journal of Marine Science&Education


Volume 9, No.1, 2019

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Valery V.Tarasov

WASTE DIESEL OIL REGENERATION EFFICIENCY: REMOVING THE WATER-FUEL FRACTIONS WITH “RUMS-1” CYCLONE EVAPORATOR BASING ON EXPERIMENTAL AND STATISTICAL MODELING

Abstract

The goal of experimental and statistical modeling of the efficiency of distilling water-fuel fractions (WFF) from the waste engine oil (WEO) is to develop a comprehensive mathematical model of the process of both separate and joint water and light fuel fractions removal from WEO. As a result, the parameters of viscosity and flash point of regenerated engine oil should be much higher than the minimal threshold values defined by the regulations.

It was determined that comprehensive WFF removal from WEO is possible in ship conditions with the use of "RUMS-1" modular mobile unit. It provides the restoring of the operational performance of waste diesel oil. The equations for simultaneous WFF removal process parameters numerical calculation are proposed.

Keywords

regeneration of engine oils, cyclone vacuum-thermal evaporator, experiment planning, regression equations, water distillate, fuel distillate.

Igor P.Turishchev, Mikhail V. Gomzyakov, Ivan B.Druz

ANALYSIS OF MARITIME NAVIGATION SAFETY VIOLATIONS IN THE FAR EAST

Abstract

There has been conducted a quantitative and structural analysis of the ships’ detentions and the results of control and surveillance activities in the area of responsibility of the Far Eastern Directorate for State Maritime Supervision during period since 2014 and up to 2016. Accident rates from 2013 to 2015 are given.

Keywords

maritime navigation safety violations, ship technical means, port hydraulic structures, risk oriented approach.

Boris I. Tkachenko

TERRITORIAL DISPUTES IN THE SOUTH CHINA SEA. THE PRATAS ISLANDS. THE MACCLESFIELD BANK SHOAL

Abstract

The article studies the Pratas as one of the disputed areas in the northern part of the South China Sea. Physical geography and historical background of the Pratas Islands are considered. The decisions of the allied powers of the end of the WWII and post-war era with respect to the islands of Pratas and the shoals of Macclesfield are given. The current positions of China and Vietnam on the territorial jurisdiction of the Pratas Islands are considered. The Pratas Islands are characterized as an object of international dispute between China and Taiwan. The economic and strategic importance of the Pratas islands is shown. The problems of exploitation of offshore oil and gas field in the waters of the Pratas Islands are characterized. Physical and geographical characteristic of the Macclesfield Bank shoals is given.

Keywords

territorial disputes, South China Sea, the Pratas Islands, Macclesfield Bank shoal, People’s Republic of China, Taiwan, international law.

Elena V. Pekar, Aleksei N. Anosov, Svetlana A. Danchenko, Marina V. Sokolskaya

RESEARCH OF NAVIGATOR’S MISTAKEN ACTIONS WHEN OPERATING A VESSEL IN ICE CONDITIONS

Abstract

The article is devoted to the research of navigator’s mistaken actions when operating a vessel in ice conditions. There have been performed determination, fixation, categorization and ranking of errors – actions or inactions of navigators during implementing the tasks of ice training. The results of the analysis may be used in the development of the following versions of the navigation simulator (ice module) programs, in further theoretical and practical training of navigators. The authors have set directions for study of the problem in the future.

Keywords

navigators, professional activities, navigation errors, ice conditions, training simulator.

Valentin I. Voloshchak

PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF «NINE BRIDGES» INITIATIVE IN RUSSIA – SOUTH KOREA ECONOMIC PARTNERSHIP

Abstract

The article explores the current state and the problems of economic cooperation between Russia and Republic of Korea as part of Moon Jae-in administration’s New Northern Policy. The author provides a brief overview of New Northern Policy formation process and offers an analysis of specific areas of bilateral cooperation widely known as Nine Bridges. Although a number of internal and external problems still remain, author considers trade and economic interaction as forward-looking; and within the context of unfolding inter-Korean political dialogue, Russia-DPRK-ROK trilateral projects are now becoming especially relevant.

Keywords

New Northern Policy, Republic of Korea, Russia, cooperation, Nine Bridges, DPRK, Moon Jae-in.

Peter Yu. Samoylenko

THE PROSPECTS OF RUSSIAN-CHINESE MARITIME COOPERATION IN NORTHEAST ASIA

Abstract

Article deals with the problems of modern Russian-Chinese maritime cooperation in Asia- Pacific region, including problems and prospects of naval cooperation as well the interaction in the fields of shipbuilding, navigation and development of Northern Sea Route.

Keywords

Asia-Pacific region, Northeast Asia, Russia, China, international maritime cooperation, tourism, sea ports, navigation

Nikolai I. Pereslavtsev

ABOUT SOME TENDENCIES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF MODERN DPRK ECONOMY

Abstract

There are several stages in the description of the North Korean economy by Soviet and Russian historiography.

At first, exaggeratedly positive characteristics dominated, which were emphasizing successes and hiding shortcomings. Then, around 1990-s, a period of “continuous criticism” started and the DPRK began to be depicted as a degraded society in deep crisis, on the verge of collapse. The so-called "nuclear" problem", which is, in fact, nothing more than a complex of gradual North Korean steps to increase the level of military defense capability, also has contributed to the negative image. Only after 2011, there becomes clear the desire for an objective (without regard to the traditional stereotypes) assessment of Pyongyang's domestic and foreign policy.

In our study, we have tried to research objectively, without political definitions, the features of the functioning of the North Korean economic mechanism. This article presents observations and conclusions, based on theoretical positions and talking about the step-by-step reorientation of the national economy of the DPRK in the direction of market characteristics for the formation of a basis for the stability of the power and the social system. It speaks about the sober calculations and the responsibility of the Pyongyang leadership. Therefore, Russia and other neighbors of North Korea should not count on its collapse, but resolve international and regional issues with its participation on a pragmatic, balanced and long-term basis.

Keywords

national economy, DPRK, Kim Jong Un, banking institutions, means of production, currency, cash, enterprise, raw material resources

Kim Seok-hee

NINETEENTH-CENTURY MARITIME NETWORKS OF THE NORTHERN EAST SEA AND THE GOLOVNIN INCIDENT: FOCUSING ON GOLOVNIN’S MEMOIRS OF CAPTIVITY IN JAPAN

Abstract

The present article reexamines the Golovnin Incident, regarded as the beginning of Japan-Russia relations, by considering maritime networks during then and delves into the overlooked role of indigenous people. Vasily Golovnin is seized by the British naval squadron during his sea expedition and detained for thirteen months. After escaping, he explores the Kuril Islands on his way back to Russia but is captured by the Japanese of the Matsumae domain and remains in captivity for the next two years. Pyotr Rikord, a senior officer under Golovnin, seizes a Japanese merchant ship in response to negotiate Golovnin’s release, the captain of which is Takadaya Kahei, who opened the sea route between Hokkaido and Osaka. Kahei is taken to Kamchatka by Rikord and, during his two-year confinement there, comes into contact with international networks including the Russian-American Company. With Kahei’s help, Golovnin is released in amicable circumstances. Golovnin and Kahei each recount their two-year captivity in Nihon yūshūki and Takadaya Kahei sōyaku jiki (Takadaya Kahei’s Memoirs of Captivity in Kamchatka), respectively, thereby contributing in publicizing the Golovnin Incident in both the West and Japan. Consequently, Golovnin, Rikord, and Kahei are held up as heroes who successfully resolved the crisis in Japan-Russia relations. A closer examination of Nihon yūshūki and Takadaya Kahei soyaku jiki, however, reveals that the account of the (Kuril) Ainu people was omitted. The Ainu, whose lives around the borders of Japan and Russia had long come under the rule of both countries, had continued to maintain and exchange their unique culture, thus constituting the de facto network of the Northern East Sea area.

Keywords

Japan-Russia relations, Golovnin, East Sea, Russia, Rezanov, Japan

Anastasia O. Barannikova

RUSSIAN FAR EAST DEVELOPMENT CONCEPTS AND IDEAS: MISTAKES OF THE PAST

Abstract

The article studies the measures undertaken by Russian government to develop Far Eastern region in the past - during the existence of the Priamurye Governorship-General and the sovietization of the region. A parallel is drawn between the modern ADTs and VFP projects and historical status of Porto-franco, granted to some territories of the modern Far East in the 19th century. An assumption is made about the reasons for the failure of the authorities' projects of the region development.

Keywords

Far East, Priamurye Governorship General, advanced development territories, Vladivostok free port, economic development

Andrei I. Fisenko

SPATIAL PLANNING AND FORECASTING OF SEA PORTS DEVELOPMENT; BASIC ORGANIZATIONAL AND ECONOMIC TRENDS OF SEAPORTS DEVELOPMENT IN RUSSIA

Abstract

The role and significance of spatial planning and forecasting of seaports development (SPFSD) as an element (subsystem) of marine spatial planning (MSP) are stated in the article. The main narrative tendencies of organizational and economic development of seaports in the Russian Federation are presented and their meaningful characteristic is given. The main attention is paid to the issues which need further research, substantiation of the selection and identification of the features of SPFSD objects as the basis of MSP, including the use of foreign experience.

Keywords

marine spatial planning, seaports, planning and forecasting the development of seaports, development trends and characteristics of Russian seaports, industrial port groups, hinterland, sea port hubs, diversification, sea port logistics centers.


© Admiral Nevelskoy Maritime State University, NPO «Asia-Pacific Journal of Marine Science&Education. Editors Board».