This paper presents the system of ensuring the navigational safety in the polar regions of Canada. The system of shipping in arctic ice conditions named Arctic Ice Regime Shipping System (AIRSS) is discussed. It is shown that AIRSS served the basis for risk indexing system when assessing operational restrictions for polar waters (POLARIS system – Polar Operational Limit Assessment Risk Indexing System) which was approved by the IMO Maritime Safety Committee (MSC) as one of the possible variants for meeting the requirements of Section 1.5 of the Polar Code.
vessel, ice class, Coast Arctic waters, Zone/Date system, Arctic Ice Regime Shipping System (AIRSS), ice navigator, ice number
The need for this review is caused by the renewed interest to the revival of the activities of Primorsky Krai (Territory) Marine Council, under the Governor. Seaports are one of the main factors in the development of Primorsky Krai. This factor has a historical, regional, economic justification. Six operating sea ports and terminals represent the cornerstone of maritime transport system in Primorsky Krai. We have presented the main legislative acts of the Russian Federation that affect the sea port industry and determine its current development trends. Gross production indicators of port activities have positive dynamics. However, an analysis of the composition of port facilities, the state of the port infrastructure and the structure of freight turnover indicate the existence of serious problems that can be solved only by joint efforts of federal and regional authorities as well as business enterprises. The solution of sea ports development problems today is determined not only by industry parameters, but also by social, environmental and other aspects inevitably accompanying the progress of seaports in the maritime region.
seaport, Primorsky Krai, seaport infrastructure, Marine Council under Governor, institutional environment
This study aims to demonstrate if Japan's territorial claim to Dokdo is reasonable by looking into the recognition of Dokdo in the external world in the 19th century reflected in the map trade and map making. This paper is structured on analyses of the aspects of the map trade and map making through contact and exchange among actors of various nationalities on the spatial stage of the Far East, the influence of exchange among them on map making, and characteristics of the territories or the boundaries reflected on maps. As a result, Japan actively adopted Western cartographic traditions and techniques, including Britain, in the process of world mapping, in which Japan made a fatal error in omitting Dokdo from the map. For example, after the Far East exploration of the British probe Argonaut, in the process of copying the questionable island that was wrongly represented on the map, Japan took a false step by presuming Takeshima (Ulleungdo) as Argonaut, and Matsushima (Dokdo) as Dagelet (Ulleungdo). To sum up, Japan made a mistake in omitting Dokdo from the map during the 19th century.
Far East, History of Map making, Dokdo, Liancourt, Ulleungdo, Argonaut, Dagelet, Nihon henkai ryakuzu(Japan's Boundary Map), Map of the East Coast of Korea
Article deals with the problems of image-making support of Arctic projects in the interests of Russian foreign policy. Author analyses main questions that are mentioned in mass-media: problems of Northern Sea Route, protection of Russian national interests in logistics, trade and other forms of cooperation. As well author pays attention to other aspects of Russian Arctic policy and the role of Russian Far East in its implementation.
Arctic zone, Russian Arctic policy, Northern Sea route, image making of arctic projects, Asia-Pacific, mass-media, Russian national interests
The use of the Northern Sea Route (NSR) is the most discussed issue of all scientific and political debates on the Arctic. NSR is of interest both for the scientific community and shipping companies. It has become urgent topic due to the close attention of the government, expressed in the adoption of a number of policy documents, as well as international community's interest in navigating from Europe to Asia via alternative route. The Comprehensive Project for the Development of the Northern Sea Route for the period from 2015 to 2030 was developed in May 2015, to become the final regulatory act in a number of sources regulating NSR in the Russian Federation. The present article analyzes existing regulatory and legal acts in this area, concludes on their compliance with the RF obligations under international law, and identifies the problems and prospects of the NSR development.
Northern Sea Route, international shipping, transit, Russian legislation, UN Convention on the Law of the Sea.
The article studies international legal aspects of delimitation of maritime economic areas in the Arctic in connection with the current norms of international maritime law. It is proposed to consider the maritime area of the Russian Arctic sector as historic waters, and the Northern Sea Route as historical national internal sea route of Russia.
Arctic, international law, Arctic sector, polar maritime boundaries, historic waters and ways.
The success of economic activities at the sea is closely dependent on the forecasts for the wind-induced waves. The accuracy and efficiency of these forecasts are connected with the reducing of risks and costs in such areas as shipping, fishing, mining of hydrocarbons on the shelf. Assessment of forecasts is carried out according to observation data, namely data obtained during the vessel’s movement, information from stationary buoys and from drilling platforms. The most accurate data is provided by the hourly instrumental measures of the buoys which are fixed by anchor. However, the location of these buoys in the oceans is unequal. The most of them is located along the Pacific coast of American Continent and the coast of Northern Atlantic. In this regard, the seas adjacent to the Russian coast have not been studied enough.
At present time the forecast for the wind-induced waves is done according to complex mathematical models. One of them is discrete spectral model WAVEWATCH III. It is used in many forecast centers over the world. In Russia it is used online by Far Eastern Departments (Primorye, Kamchatka) of Russian Hydro-meteorological service in the water areas of the Pacific, the Sea of Japan, the Sea of Okhotsk and the Sea of Bering.
wave model, forecast information, correlation coefficient, near-water wind, grid spacing
The role and place of Russia in the modern system of international relations, the inclusion of Arctic projects in global economic system is a relatively new area of multinational economic cooperation and strategic research planning. The influence of global strategic concepts on scientific research planning in the Arctic, as well as its practical application in the Arctic states is studied in the article. The improvement of local self-government institutions and norm-setting activities in the formation of regional maritime transport system have become the main research objects for social sciences, taking into account the ecological and economic specifics of modern development of the Arctic territories.
maritime transport system, Northern Sea Route, protection of the marine environment, self-government.
Despite the fact that work at sea has become more comfortable and secure, new equipment for operations in low temperatures has appeared, rescue means have been improved, the problem of frostbite and hypothermia remains relevant and urgent for all mariners. Cold is the main enemy of people in distress, as well as everyday work in low-temperature environment imparts its specifics and limitations to human activities. Human body can adapt to a hot climate, a reduced concentration of oxygen in the air, a meager diet, but it is unable to adapt to the frost. When exposed to cold, the will of a person weakens, all vital functions are slowed down, the central nervous system is depressed. Therefore, it is important to understand the essence of the processes occurring in the body when the outside temperature is lowered, to know the ways of rendering First Aid. The topic may be useful for lecturers and instructors, for seafarers and persons working in the Arctic and other cold climate regions.
survival, cold injury, hypothermia, Arctic, First Aid
Today BRICS is intensively developing structure aimed at the cooperation of five countries: Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. In this connection it should be noted that the importance of developing new agenda items for the BRICS countries’cooperation is very actual. One of these agenda items may be the Arctic cooperation. Russia is the largest Arctic country, China and India have obtained the observer status in the Arctic Council, Brazil, as well, begins to show interest in Arctic affairs. Therefore, excluding the Republic of South Africa, the BRICS countries are gradually integrated into the Arctic policy, what, over time, can create preconditions for the Arctic direction of cooperation between the BRICS countries. The article discusses the background, existing forms and promising direction of cooperation of the BRICs countries in the Arctic.
Arctic, BRICS, international cooperation, Arctic Council, transnational Arctic, polar research, Arctic Bank of reconstruction and development, the BRICS bank
International relations vary according to economic interests and generate new ways of interaction between countries that have no common borders and can be at considerable distances from each other. The emerging global regional interaction, such as the association of the BRICS countries, tells about the necessity to consolidate common interests within the framework of a single goal aimed at developing network diplomacy. Maritime domain is of special interest for BRICS members since it unites them ‘physically’, economically and educationally as well.
global regional interaction, BRICS association, integration, network diplomacy.
The article presents the theoretical approach and results of the study of meaningful orientations of naval officers serving on surface ships in the Far North, using methodic by D.A. Leontiev. The average values of the sampling indicators were compared by the levels of the five subscales with the control sample group and the average values. The results are interpreted.
naval officers, Value and Meaning orientations, values, locus control-I, extreme professions, cold environment.
© Admiral Nevelskoy Maritime State University, NPO «Asia-Pacific Journal of Marine Science&Education. Editors Board».